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Water and Waste Water Industry

Introduction

Water is vital to our daily lives, both for personal and domestic use and industrial/commercial applications. Whether a facility focuses on the production of clean, potable water or treating effluent, Crowcon is proud to serve a wide variety of water industry clients, providing gas detection equipment that keeps workers safe around the world.

Gas detectors must be chosen to suit the specific environment in which they operate. The water industry frequently involves wet and dirty environments, with multiple toxic and flammable gas hazards and the risk of oxygen depletion.

European Commission Directive 2017/164 (EU Directive 2017/164) issued in January 2017, established a new list of indicative occupational exposure limit values (IOELVs, as the directive calls them). The list includes carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, hydrogen cyanide, manganese, diacetyl and many other chemicals. Member states were required to enact the relevant laws, regulations and administrative provisions to comply by late August 2018.

Applications

Plant owners and contractors
Consultants
OEM suppliers
Safety inspectors

Gas Hazards in Water and Waste Water Sector

Process Area

Typical processes and associated gas detection issues

Water treatment

The pipelines used to transport the water require regular cleaning and safety checks; during these operations, portable multigas monitors are used to protect the workforce. Pre-entry checks must be completed prior to entering any confined space and commonly O2, CO, H2S and CH4 are monitored

Confined spaces are small, so portable monitors must be compact and unobtrusive for the user, yet able to withstand the wet and dirty environments in which they must perform. Clear and prompt indication of any increase in gas monitored (or any decrease for oxygen) is of paramount importance – loud and bright alarms are effective in raising the alarm to the user.

Sewage treatment

The preliminary treatment process removes debris. Pumping stations and lift stations are usually unmanned and designed to handle raw sewage that is fed from underground gravity distribution pipelines.

Commonly monitored gases include O2, H2S and CH4 and, depending on the site, other gases may form part of the overall requirement.

Activated sludge is transferred to anaerobic digesters, where it is mixed with a different culture of micro-organism, which thrives in an oxygen-deficient environment and further breaks down the sludge into biogas. This process takes 20 to 30 days.

Biogas is high in CH4 (54%) & CO2 (40%), but it also has over 3000 ppm of H2S. High levels of H2S can cause corrosion and mechanical failure in generators, so biogas must be treated before it can be used as a source of energy.

Two different types of gas sensor are used to monitor the biogas – infrared for methane and electrochemical for hydrogen sulphide. The methane measurement is in the range 0-100% by volume and is continuous.

Products for Water and Wastewater Industry

Portable Monitors
T4x

Zone 0 approved personal protection solution for detecting the four most common gas hazards. Exclusively with long-life O2 and MPS sensor technologies.

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Clip SGD

Industrial gas detector designed for use in hazardous areas.

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Gasman

A compact and fully ruggedised single gas detector for the toughest of industrial environments.

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Tetra 3

Compact, robust and easy-to-use diffusion based detector.

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Gas Pro

A multi gas detector offering 5 gas support as well as a dedicated pre-entry check mode and optional pump feature.

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T4

Portable 4-in-1 gas detector.

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Detective+

Multi-gas monitor for temporary areas.

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Fixed Monitors
Xgard

Fixed multi gas detector.

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Xgard Bright

Addressable fixed head detector with OLED display. Now available with MPS technology.

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IRmax

An ultra-compact infrared (IR) fixed gas monitor that delivers rapid, fail-safe detection of hydrocarbon gases and vapours.

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Control Panels
Gasmaster

Compact, versatile and powerful gas detection control panel.

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Industry Insights

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CASE STUDY
Lanes Group Plc

Lanes Group plc is the UK’s largest independent drainage contractor with over 25 years of service. They are the wastewater solutions provider at the heart of the UK drainage industry…

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